How to Safely Operate an Articulated Dump Truck

May 14, 2024
Review these 9 steps to ensure safe operation of an articulated haul truck.

Articulated dump trucks carry loads across rough, often muddy terrain that can pose problems for stability. The articulation of ADTs causes these haul trucks to function differently than straight-frame haulers.

An efficient articulated hauler operator combines technical expertise, safety, and situational awareness with effective communication and a commitment to productivity, according to Rokbak, which list nine areas that enable safe operation of the machines.

Before operating an ADT

Know the truck. It’s important to have a thorough understanding of the truck’s controls, capabilities, and limitations. This includes knowing how to operate it efficiently and safely in various conditions, such as on gradients, rough terrain, or in adverse weather.

Pre-operating inspection  

At the start of the working day, prestart checks are essential, including routine truck inspections to make sure the truck is ready for work. Check for pre-existing damage. Identify leaks and loose parts, check tire conditions, check that lights are fully operational, ensure full visibility through the windows, and check fluid and battery levels daily. A thorough equipment walkaround before starting a shift can make a big difference, and it doesn’t require a lot of time.

Know the job site

Before operating the haul truck, learn job site boundaries such as speed, ground bearing weight limits, travel direction, passing areas, width and height restrictions, and no-go areas. Know the ADT’s capacity and its working limits with regard to payload. Keep an eye on how many buckets the loader is dumping in the truck to stay within the safe operating limits of the ADT and avoid accelerated component wear through overloading.